Call to Scientists, Doctors, Lawyers and Jurists, to endorse a request of enquiry to Un assembly, Hrc, Who, Unrwa
To the Secretary General of UN Assembly, Marcos Manuel D'Escoto,
to the Human Right Council,
to the World Health Organization,
to the UN representative for Palestine Prof. Richard Falk
and for information to Dr. Gingues of UNWRA in Gaza
We, the undersigned organizations and professionals in Medicine, Science and Law ask you to respond to with prompt and strong determinations to the issues raised by the report of illegal, inhumane and uncontrollable weapons on the civil population in Gaza, specifically with reference to the use of thermobaric weapons in populated areas, targeting of civilians and children by so called low collateral damage weapons and DIME, use of White Phosphorus on inhabited areas, use of weapons that liberate submunitions, use of heavy metals containing weapons that pollute and put at risk the population for the time to be.
Rome, January 9th, 2009 - Mounting evidence is emerging that Israel is experimenting new non-conventional weapons on civilian population in Gaza. "It is happening again what we saw in Lebanon two years ago", says Paola Manduca, genetics teacher and researcher at the University of Genoa and member of New Weapons Research Committee (NWRC), "where Israel used white phosphorus, Dense inert metal explosive (DIME), thermobaric bombs, cluster bombs and uranium ammunitions.Still today there are unexploded bombs and radioactivity on the ground".
By Paola Manduca, Geneticist, University of Genoa, Italy. Text prepared for the International Citizens Tribunal, 22-24 February 2008, Brussels.
Open letter to the Human Rights Council of the United Nations. Published on 23 Maj 2007.
Abstract: Volumetric weapons include thermobaric and fuel-air explosives (FAE). Both thermobaric and FAE operate on similar technical principles. In the case of FAE, when a shell or projectile containing a fuel in the form of gas, liquid or dustexplodes, the fuel or dust like material is introduced into the air to form acloud. This cloud is then detonated to create a shock wave of extended duration that produces overpressure and expands in all directions. In a thermobaric weapon, the fuel consists of a monopropellant and energetic particles.
Abstract: The BLU-118/B nomenclature was first reported on 21 December 2001, and this weapon is clearly unrelated to the BLU-118 500 lb. napalm canister used during the Vietnam war.
This is a report on new kind of weapon in Afghanistan to strike at cave complexes. By BBC Defence correspondent Jonathan Marcus, published on 4 March 2002.
Abstract: The United States is using a new kind of weapon in Afghanistan to strike at cave complexes where al-Qaeda and Taleban fighters may be hiding. US officials have acknowledged that they have used at least two of the so-called thermobaric weapons in the mountains of eastern Afghanistan.